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Black Monday, ’77, When the Mill Shutdown in Youngstown Gave Birth to the Rust Belt

Gar Alperovitz

Co-founder of the Democracy Collaborative Gar Alperovitz writes in Bill Moyers' website about the closure of the steelmills in Youngs Town, Oh, and how it relates to the work of the Next System Project with The Principals of the Pluralist Commonwealth. 

On Sept. 19, 1977 — a day remembered locally as “Black Monday” — the corporate owners of the Campbell Works in Youngstown, Ohio, abruptly shuttered the giant steel mill’s doors. Instantly, 5,000 workers lost their jobs, their livelihoods and their futures. The mill’s closing was national news, one of the first major blows in the era of deindustrialization, offshoring and “free trade” that has since made mass layoffs commonplace.

Read more about it here